The Old Covenant highlights the Law which God gave to Moses as a means of appeasing God's anger and coming back to God. It’s scarcely possible to read a page without pausing to allow the import of what he’s saying to sink in. However, it is not exactly the same as in the Old Covenant. His depiction of the events recounted in Genesis to 2 Kings—in terms of God trying a range of options (starting with creation), “none of which worked’” (18)—is highly simplistic and completely flattens all meaningful discussion of God’s sovereignty. Most importantly, spiritual salvation and eternal life can only come through Jesus and not by some other means or person, as Peter explained to his nation's leadership (Acts 4:12). The book is littered with fresh explanations of the biblical text. His basic approach, however, which cuts exegesis free from any confessional framework and downplays the Christ-centeredness of the Old Testament, means that anyone looking for a sure-footed guide to reading the Old Testament on its own terms would be better off looking elsewhere. It was penned and made available to us in order to provide us with saving knowledge that reveals the true purpose and meaning of our lives. . According to Goldingay, we need the Old Testament for understanding the story of God’s working purpose, for its theology, spirituality, hope, understanding of mission, salvation, and for its ethics (p. 32). The Gospel Coalition supports the church by providing resources that are trusted and timely, winsome and wise, and centered on the gospel of Jesus Christ. Likewise, his characterization of Torah as “a risk on God’s part” and an “enigma to Paul” (63) is not defensible. Do We Need the New Testament? The Most Important Cultural Book of the Year (Maybe Even Decade), 9 Things You Should Know About President-Elect Joe Biden, Stop Praying for Stuff (and Start Praying for God), The 11 Beliefs You Should Know about Jehovah’s Witnesses When They Knock at the Door, When My Life Fell Apart, I Needed a Bible That Wouldn’t. John Goldingay is never less than provocative, and his latest book is no exception. Goldingay is a thoroughly honest, personally winsome, and warmhearted believer in the Lord Jesus, who is passionate about the reality and power of the resurrection. It Is Part of God’s Word. is not only interesting and challenging, however. In the New Testament, everyone can prophesy, not just prophets. Jesus actually emerged from this nation, but he started a new Israel—a spiritual Israel, the Church. This is an honest and helpful confession; perhaps my greatest frustration with Do We Need the New Testament? The Old Testament is full of rich (and 100 percent reliable) history and is the only true foundation for understanding the world around us. Why was the New Testament written? For instance, he points out that Jesus’s coming didn’t make much difference to many features of Ancient Near Eastern life (e.g., slavery) (42); the New Testament has very little to say about social justice (46–47); and Hebrews 11:33–34 makes it “impossible to argue that the New Testament would disapprove of the violence of the First Testament” (95). We are also to become just like Jesus, who is God, until we all are unified by a singular faith and knowledge of Christ, "unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ" (Ephesians 4:13). The Toxic Effect of Taking Jesus for Granted, To Defend, Promote, and Apply the Gospel in Australia, The Missing Ingredient: Devoted to ________ and Preaching, 9 Things You Should Know About Thanksgiving, 4 Reasons to Wear a Mask, Even if You Hate It. Additionally, we have to know whom God is and how he Virtually all that we think of as “Christian teaching” is already present in at least seed form in the Old Testament, and therefore Jesus’s uniqueness is expressed less in what he said and more in what he embodied. If we do not know who Jesus is and what He did for us, we cannot be saved.  Mere intellectual knowledge about the facts of his life and identity as the Son of God is necessary, but it is not sufficient to produce salvation. We also need to emotionally accept and act on what we hear as well for it to be effective in saving us. After all, as James states, "faith without works is dead" (James 2:26).Â. It tells us that His Son, Jesus, came, lived, died, and arose so that believers on Jesus as the Christ might have eternal life. Goldingay’s discussions of sacrifice and the new covenant, for example, are helpful, and his central premise that there’s much more to the Old Testament than we often admit is a welcome corrective. Early in the book Goldingay, professor of Old Testament at Fuller Theological Seminary, announces: “I’m working on a book on biblical theology, and you could also see this book as a statement of the assumptions which lie behind that book” (9). It is a work of making claims about God and humanity and their relationship. was the slightly bewildering order of chapters. Thinking of Jesus as the fulfillment of the Law helps us see why we keep some of the OT commands and “ignore” others. While it’d be unfair to say the chapters bear no relation to one another, they are more like meditations on a theme rather than a systematic argument (which I suspect Goldingay would argue reflects the nature of the “First Testament” beautifully). The New Testament was written in order to make it possible for humanity to receive spiritual salvation. In this episode of TGC Q&A, Tim Keller and Don Carson address the question, “What did Paul mean by ‘I do not permit a woman to teach’?”. As we shall see, this creates both methodological and exegetical issues, but in the first place it frees him up to make some powerful observations we’d do well to take seriously. However, coupled with the information that the book was born out of a collection of papers read at SBL and elsewhere, this helped to ease the frustration. Written out of a conviction that the church has often distorted the Old Testament by trying to force it into a Trinitarian and Christocentric mould, Goldingay attempts to allow the “First Testament” (his preferred term) to speak for itself. And how shall they hear without preaching? Goldingay’s conclusion is that, “Yes, of course, we need the New Testament Scriptures, but they don’t supersede the earlier Scriptures” (p. 32). The Civil Laws, for instance, were set up so the nation of Israel could thrive. Similarly, Jesus Himself told His disciples on the night before He died that he was the only way to God the Father and that he embodied truth and eternal life (John 14:6). Now, more than ever, we need true New Testament prophets who have the word of the Lord. However, history reveals that it is never sufficient, f In order to have the knowledge that would save us, we need to know who Jesus Christ was, what he did for us, and to accept His sacrifice for our sins. While it’d be unfair to criticize Goldingay for not being a Reformed evangelical (he makes no claim to be one), it’s entirely reasonable to expect some acknowledgement of the huge differences of opinion at key points in his argument. Goldingay’s discussions of sacrifice and the new covenant, for example, are helpful, and his central premise that there’s much more to the Old Testament than we often admit is a welcome corrective. However, can not be known by human reasoning and sensory experience alone 's anger and back... 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