The cultivars marked agm above have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The bark on the trunk and branches is golden-brown at first, but later this turns to white as a result of papery tissue developing on the surface and peeling off in flakes, in a similar manner to the closely related paper birch (B. papyrifera). [8] It has been introduced into North America, where it is known as the European white birch, and is considered invasive in the states of Kentucky, Maryland, Washington, and Wisconsin. The silver birch is a medium-sized deciduous tree that owes its common name to the white peeling bark on the trunk. Having visited Sarah Raven’s garden at Perch Hill at the end of the summer I spotted two ideas for using Silver Birch which hopefully will inspire you to get creative with Silver Birch twigs and small branches at home. You might find it helpful to use your phone to take a photo, so you can follow the pattern/spacing of your sticks later. [18] In Germany, almost 500 species of insects have been found on silver and downy birch including 106 beetles and 105 lepidopterans, with 133 insect species feeding almost exclusively on birch. The thin sheets of bark that peel off young wood contain a waxy resin and are easy to ignite even when wet. Tuck in your loose ends as you go – or tie them in with string. As soon as I saw the plant supports in the Delphinium bed at Perch Hill I thought ‘ah-ha’. These hoops are really easy to make. "Lack of Evidence for Impact of the European White Birch, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T194831A2363997.en, "HOSTS – a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants", International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, "Suomen kansallistunnukset (Finland's national emblems)", "Perinteinen saunavihta (Traditional sauna vihta)". Have a read of my post on making a foraged autumn door wreath. Uses of silver birch Birch wood is tough and heavy, making it suitable for furniture production, handles and toys. It’s called how to create a simple Christmas door wreath. Make sure you fasten your stems together as firmly as you possibly can. You need them to be pliable enough to form a circle and then wrap and bind from there – adding in additional twiggy lengths as you go. Old trees are often killed by the decay fungus Piptoporus betulinus and fallen branches rot rapidly on the forest floor. You can make your own grid by using thicker sections of Silver Birch. carelica, fontqueri, laciniata, lapponica, meridionalis, microlepis, and parvibracteata, as well as forms Betula pendula f. bircalensis, crispa, and palmeri. Bark can be heated and the resin collected; the resin is an excellent waterproof glue and useful for starting fires. [4] Its tolerance to pollution make it suitable for planting in industrial areas and exposed sites. These cookies do not store any personal information. Check out the video I filmed with Alexandra from the Middle-Sized Garden last year. Using Silver Birch branches. The species is monoecious with male and female catkins found on the same tree. [10], Three subspecies of silver birch are accepted:[11][1], B. pendula is distinguished from the related B. pubescens, the other common European birch, in having hairless, warty shoots (hairy and without warts in downy birch), more triangular leaves with double serration on the margins (more ovoid and with single serrations in downy birch), and whiter bark often with scattered black fissures (greyer, less fissured, in downy birch). [20] This disease also affects B. pubescens and in 2000 was reported at many of the sites planted with birch in Scotland during the 1990s. Yet, downy birches are characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots, whereas the same parts on silver birch are hairless. Sarah Raven also used Silver Birch in her Dahlia beds. [4], The leaves have short, slender stalks and are 3 to 7 cm (1.2 to 2.8 in) long, triangular with broad, untoothed, wedge-shaped bases, slender pointed tips, and coarsely double-toothed, serrated margins. This applies particularly to acidic or nutrient-poor soils. Birds found in birch woodland include the chaffinch, tree pipit, willow warbler, nightingale, robin, woodcock, redpoll, and green woodpecker. Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, warty birch, European white birch,[2] or East Asian white birch,[3] is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia, though in southern Europe, it is only found at higher altitudes. Your branches will dry out reasonably fast. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. [9] It is naturalised and locally invasive in parts of Canada. The grid she uses to support these fabulous flowers can easily be scaled down in size and used to support your cut flowers. You can work with any plant materials that take your fancy. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. In this video I’m using it to arrange some autumn berries. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. [5], The silver birch grows naturally from western Europe eastwards to Kazakhstan, the Sakha Republic in Siberia, Mongolia, and the Xinjiang province in China, and southwards to the mountains of the Caucasus and northern Iran, Iraq, and Turkey. It makes a good firewood, but is quickly consumed by the flames. You’ll have something Instagramworthy in no time. [1][11] B. szaferi was previously considered extinct in the wild on the Red List, but is now considered a form of B. pendula with the presence of a mutant gene, causing it to grow weakly and fruit heavily. pendula. *I'm an Amazon Affiliate - if you buy from the link in this post I get a small commission. [25] The removal of bark was at one time so widespread that Carl Linnaeus expressed his concern for the survival of the woodlands. [28], Successful birch cultivation requires a climate cool enough for at least the occasional winter snowfall. [21] In the United States, the wood is attacked by the bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius), an insect pest to which it has no natural resistance. If you’d like to join #FlowerStart my 4-week online flower arranging class you can find out more about it here - click through to my post on Frequently Asked Questions - or email me, If you love having flowers at home make sure you join FlowerStart World on Facebook - a place where you can share your flower arranging successes and pick up hints, tips and advice. I used the discarded ends that I’d collected to make my door wreath. I have a mental map in my head of the Silver Birch trees that are local to me. [19] Birch dieback disease can affect planted trees, while naturally regenerated trees seem less susceptible. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly.