Sewing machine tension adjustment is controlled by devices that separately control the needle thread and the bobbin thread, putting varying amounts of tension (or strength) on the threads they control to form a strong, balanced stitch. • If bobbin tension is not changed properly, for instance making a full turn rather than quarter turns, the case could clog with thread or break a needle. If the stitches are even, return to your embroidery project. Counterclockwise turns will loosen the tension, and clockwise turns will tighten the tension. What is causing this? Then, you should go back and do some stitching again on the scrap fabric. This is what gives the bobbin thread its tension.The screw is tightened and when the thread is going between this plate and the bobbin case there is some pressure applied to the … If you wonder where the bobbin tension disks/plates are on a sewing machine (Brother, Singer, Janome) you can see them in the video below.. https://www.wikihow.com/Adjust-the-Tension-on-a-Sewing-Machine Sewing Machine Tension . Or the bobbin is in backward. This means that none of the sides should have the thread being too loose or too tight. However, before we get to explaining how to adjust sewing machine tension, it’s important to make sure the tension is actually what is causing the problems you’re experiencing with your sewing. Sewing Machine Tension . Well, you just learned how to find out whether the tension is causing the stitching issues you may be facing, and how to fix the tension depending on which side of your fabric the thread is a bit too loose and on which side it’s too tight. Switch this sewing machine off (“O”) when making any adjustment in the needle area, such as threading the needle, changing the needle, threading the bobbin or changing the presser foot, and the like. Incorrect threading is often a common reason for the stitching getting messed up. This post is for the beginner who is somewhat comfortable with their machine and has been working along for a little bit without issue. Similarly, when the top thread is loose and the bottom thread is tight, you will be able to see the top thread through the bottom. If the stitches are still uneven, repeat steps 2 to 4 until the machine makes even stitches. There is the top thread (the upper thread) and the one at the bottom (the thread in the bobbin).These threads interlock in the fabric on even intervals. Check to make sure the bobbin is correctly wound and inserted into the machine. Anything that you sew on a sewing machine that doesn’t have a proper tension would also likely cause the stitching to look different on both the sides. The design of the needle is crafted to meet the bobbin thread in a correctly timed machine and form a stitch. However, these factory presets are created assuming that equal thread weights will be used in the top and bottom threads. This article will explain what sewing machine tension is, its function, why we need to adjust it, how to find the right tension for your project, and how to solve sewing machine tension problems. Most of the time, loosening the bobbin tension works best. Menu Ask a Question Share a Post Account Search. Cleaning the machine. Sewing machine tension adjustment is controlled by devices that separately control the needle thread and the bobbin thread, putting varying amounts of tension (or strength) on the threads they control to form a strong, balanced stitch. The bobbin thread runs along the bottom of the material. Check the Simpler Things First There are actually a number of things that can affect thread tension, so look into those things before using the adjustment control on Janome sewing machines . This is pretty much all about it. This includes the tension on both the sides, as if either the one on the top or the bottom has any problem, you won’t be able to sew properly. The thread guides are the metal devices that help regulate tension. This is regardless of whether you’re using an overlocker sewing machine or any other type of machine. This small metal plate/spring is attached to the bobbin case with a screw. First things first, if your machine is sewing properly and the stitches look exactly how they should be, don’t bother making any sewing tension adjustment. So for instance, if the tension dial on your sewing machine is pointing to the number 7 on the dial, and you need to decrease it, you will only want to do it by ½ or 1. Using a material scrap, test the new bobbin tension with a simple embroidery pattern to determine whether the stitches are even. I have tried fixing it but with no luck. Sounds like your sewing machine tension is out of whack or your bobbin is behaving badly! Using the included screwdriver, make a quarter turn either counterclockwise or clockwise. Technicians can do this in the store, but it is easy to change the bobbin tension at home. Depending on the sewing machine you have you can pull out the bobbin case and use a screw to raise or lose the tension on it. In Janome embroidery machines, the upper and lower thread tensions are set so that even stitches are formed when sewing. How Do I Use My 1030 Singer Sewing Machine? • Cotton batting will drag or pull the top thread more than poly batting, so try changing the type of batting before adjusting the bobbin tension. But there are somethings that are unavoidable at times. How Much to Increase or Decrease the Tension? 14. • Always check the top thread tension first because it is easier to adjust. We aren’t talking about oiling your entire machine here, but sometimes dropping a bit of sewing machine oil on the hook area (it may or may not be applicable to you depending on your machine and other factors) can work wonders when dealing with minor stitching issues. However, these factory presets are created assuming that equal thread weights will be used in the top and bottom threads. 3. How to Troubleshoot a Consew Sewing Machine, How to Adjust Thread Tension for a Long Arm Quilting Machine, Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. All Rights Reserved. • A small adjustment to the top thread may be needed after adjusting the bobbin thread. • If using a metallic or heavy cotton top thread, a silk-type filament poly bobbin thread will work best. Save. Pull both threads to the back or reverse the bobbin … You need a perfect … Find the thread guides. When you think on a straight stitch, I want you to imagine a chain.. Locate the tension screw and place a black dot where it is pointing. You see, the bobbin case also has some tension for the thread. Making sure all the thread guides have been used, The pressure foot must be down when threading the machine, as if it’s not it tends to make the thread end up between the tension discs, You also need to ensure that the thread is having no issues unwinding itself from the spool; if the spool’s splash is interfering with the unwinding process, then it may need your attention and the tension may not the culprit here, The bobbin, too, needs to be exactly where it should be; if it isn’t, you may need to pull it out and insert it back in properly, The bobbin also shouldn’t be used as a spool as it too is typically associated with threading issues.