Please consider making a gift today to help raise the $170,000 we need to preserve this piece of American history forever. Although British troops under Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis (1738-1805) scored a tactical victory at Guilford ...read more, On December 31, 1775, during the American Revolutionary War (1775-83), Patriot forces under Colonel Benedict Arnold (1741-1801) and General Richard Montgomery (1738-75) attempted to capture the British-occupied city of Quebec and with it win support for the American cause in ...read more, On June 17, 1775, early in the Revolutionary War (1775-83), the British defeated the Americans at the Battle of Bunker Hill in Massachusetts. It included two crucial battles, fought eighteen days apart, and was a decisive victory for the Continental Army and a crucial turning point in the Revolutionary ...read more, At the Battle of Germantown on October 4, 1777, during the American Revolution, British forces in Pennsylvania defeated the American Continental Army under General George Washington (1732-99). Despite the proliferation of dysentery among his men, Continental General Horatio Gates chose to engage British General Charles Cornwallis’s force on the morning of August 16, 1780. The British army’s Southern Campaign, a strategy implemented by General Henry Clinton, gave them swift control of the Southern colonies. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Gen. Edward Stevens on his left. Nearly surrounded and overwhelmed many joined their comrades in the retreat. The outcome in Yorktown, Virginia marked the conclusion of ...read more, In the fall of 1777, British troops commanded by General John Burgoyne were advancing south from Canada towards New York along the water route of Lake Champlain, Lake George and the Hudson River. Their flight carried to North Carolina militia in the center of Gates's line and the American position quickly collapsed. The British commander immediately left the city to take the field against Gates. All Rights Reserved. As Gates neared Camden, word of his movement reached Cornwallis at his headquarters in Charleston. Giving Tuesday Match! Under the custom of 18th Century warfare, the most experienced units were placed on the right of the line. When the British charged with their bayonets, the militia that made up the Patriot front line, who did not have bayonets, ran. Mortally wounded, he died several days later in Camden. https://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/battle-of-camden. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! Every purchase supports the mission. More than 300 British troops were killed or wounded in the lopsided victory. With the encounter resulting in nearly 2,000 Patriots killed or ta… After the Continental army suffered several defeats in late 1777, General Thomas Conway allegedly tried, unsuccessfully, to discredit George Washington and have him replaced with Horatio Gates. Major General Baron Johann DeKalb (1721-80), a well-respected German volunteer in the Continental army, received numerous wounds in the battle and succumbed to death a few days later. The armies approached one another north of Camden early on the morning of August 16, 1780. Under Maj. Gen. Johann de Kalb, the Continentals remained on the field as Gates and the rest of the army fled. Despite their loss, the inexperienced colonial forces inflicted significant casualties against the enemy, and the battle provided them ...read more, General George Washington’s army crossed the icy Delaware on Christmas Day 1776 and, over the course of the next 10 days, won two crucial battles of the American Revolution. Although the Continentals outnumbered the British two to one, the encounter was a disaster. The regiments were led by one of his best line officers, Lt. Col. James Webster. In July, American Maj. Horatio Gates marched his army into South Carolina, intent on liberating the state from British control. After capturing Charleston in May 1780, British forces under General Charles Lord Cornwallis established a supply depot and garrison at Camden as part of their effort to secure control of the South Carolina backcountry. After capturing Charleston in May 1780, British forces under General Charles Lord Cornwallis established a supply depot and garrison at Camden as part of their effort to secure control of the South Carolina backcountry. On August 16, British forces under Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis routed the American forces of Major General Horatio Gates about 5 miles north of Camden, South Carolina, strengthening the British hold on the Carolinas following the capture of Charleston. Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643. When he arrived on the field Cornwallis formed the veteran 23rd and 33rd Regiments of Foot on his right to face Stevens. The illness depleted the Patriot advantage in troop numbers, and the British pressed forward aggressively as the sole side in possession of bayonets. HISTORICAL MAP | The Siege of Charleston, South Carolina. The Continental Regulars from Maryland and Delaware, however, withstood the onslaught. With the encounter resulting in nearly 2,000 Patriots killed or taken prisoner and heavy losses of artillery, Gates was removed from command and replaced by Nathanael Greene. The remaining Continental soldiers fought bravely, but utterly failed to make any headway in the face of the British assault. Our mission remains to Provide living history experiences that educate, entertain, and inspire. The Battle of Camden in South Carolina was a lopsided victory for the British during the American Revolutionary War. The Battle of Camden was fought August 16, 1780, during the American Revolution (1775-1783).